|"Toypurina: A Native American Story" play at the San Gabriel Mission (playhouse.org)|
|California orange crate art: the San Gabriels|
|Toypurina in urban LA mural art (WQ)|
The full name is El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula, which in English means "The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of [the L.A. River we call] Porciúncula" (the queen being the Queen of the Angels, an honorific of the Virgin Mary).
- (Wiki) The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva/Kizh (Gabrieleños) and Chumash Native American tribes thousands of years ago. A Gabrielino settlement in the area was called the "poison oak place," Iyáangẚ, or Spanish Yang-na (Bright, William; 1998, Fifteen Hundred California Place Names, University of California Press, p. 86). Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, a Portuguese-born explorer, claimed the area of Southern California [north and south, Alta and Baja, "Upper and Lower"] for the Spanish Empire of the Kingdom of Spain in 1542, while on an official military exploratory expedition moving north along the Pacific coast from earlier colonizing/colonial bases of New Spain in Central and South America (Willard, Charles Dwight (1901). The Herald's History of Los Angeles. Los Angeles: Kingsley-Barnes & Neuner. pp. 21–24. Retrieved September 29, 2011). Gaspar de Portolà and Franciscan missionary Juan Crespí, reached the present site of Los Angeles on August 2, 1769. The Spanish Period (1771-1821) In 1771, Franciscan friar [rapist, terrorist, war criminal, and Catholic saint] Junípero Serra directed the building of the [concentration camp] Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the first mission in the area (Leffingwell, Randy; Worden, Alastair; Nov. 4, 2005, California missions and presidios. Voyageur Press. pp. 43-44). On September 4, 1781, a group of 44 settlers known as "Los Pobladores" founded the pueblo they called [what became L.A.] More
|Medicine woman, elder, leader Toypurina|
|Image of Toypurina is not based on anything.|
The mission/camp was originally built by the Spanish, part of their expansive territory that is being honored includes the San Gabriel Mountains, and burial sites can be expected in the area, according to the application submitted to the NAHC.
|The concrete LA River has many tributaries like the San Gabriel River watershed (KPCC)|
- Big Rock Creek Campgrounds, Valyermo (campnative.com)
- Tongva/Gabrielino legends, myths (native-languages.org)
|Colby wildfire, San Gabriel Mountains under full moon, Azusa (Stuart Palley Epa/Guardian)|
|Rivers, waterfalls, pools in the San Gabriels|